Four-color printing means that four different ink colors are used to create a range of printable colors in a book. The "four-color" refers to the four color plates—cyan, magenta, yellow, and black (CMYK)—used in offset printing presses and most digital presses. These four colors are combined to make up a wide range of colors. (And don't worry, your book will have more than just four colors!)
RGB (red, green, blue) is another color combination used for monitors and digital images. For optimal reproduction of your digital images, you should use RGB which is the default setting for most photo-editing software.
When using our book-making tools, your RGB images are converted to CMYK at our printers. If you're using our PDF to Book workflow, you may want to consider submitting your files as CMYK. Our publishing guide has more information on color management for the PDF to Book workflow.